01. Introduction to IELTS
02. IELTS Reading
03. IELTS Writing
04. IELTS Listening
05. IELTS Speaking
06. Test-taking strategies
07. Practice tests and feedback
08. Final review and exam day preparation
09. Exam day
Final Exams

2.04 Improving vocabulary and comprehension skills

Improving vocabulary and comprehension skills


The IELTS exam assesses a candidate’s language skills, including their vocabulary and comprehension abilities. Building a strong vocabulary and improving comprehension skills is essential for achieving a high score on the exam. In this article, we will provide strategies and techniques for improving vocabulary and comprehension skills.

Improving Vocabulary:

  1. Read extensively: Reading extensively can expose candidates to a variety of vocabulary and help them understand how words are used in context. Candidates should read books, articles, and other materials that are of interest to them and pay attention to new vocabulary.
  2. Use flashcards: Flashcards are a great way to learn and memorize new vocabulary. Candidates can create flashcards with words they want to learn and review them regularly.
  3. Learn in context: Learning words in context can help candidates remember them better. Candidates should learn new words in phrases or sentences and understand the meaning of the word in the given context.
  4. Use apps: There are several apps available that can help candidates improve their vocabulary. These apps provide word lists, quizzes, and other interactive activities to help candidates learn and memorize new words.

Improving Comprehension Skills:

  1. Practice active reading: Active reading involves engaging with the text and actively seeking to understand it. Candidates should read the text carefully, ask questions, and make connections with their prior knowledge.
  2. Use visualization: Visualization involves creating mental images of what is being read. Candidates should use their imagination to visualize the events or concepts described in the text to improve their comprehension.
  3. Summarize the text: Summarizing the text in one’s own words can help candidates understand the main ideas and identify the key details.
  4. Practice inference: Inference involves drawing conclusions based on the information presented in the text. Candidates should practice making inferences and supporting their conclusions with evidence from the text.
  5. Use context clues: Context clues are words or phrases in the text that provide information about the meaning of a word. Candidates should pay attention to context clues to help them understand unfamiliar words.


Building a strong vocabulary and improving comprehension skills is essential for achieving a high score on the IELTS exam. Candidates should practice regularly with strategies such as reading extensively, using flashcards, and learning words in context to improve their vocabulary. For improving comprehension skills, active reading, visualization, summarizing the text, practicing inference, and using context clues can be very helpful. By following these strategies and techniques, candidates can improve their language skills and increase their chances of achieving their desired band score on the IELTS exam.