01. Introduction to IELTS
02. IELTS Reading
03. IELTS Writing
04. IELTS Listening
05. IELTS Speaking
06. Test-taking strategies
07. Practice tests and feedback
08. Final review and exam day preparation
09. Exam day
Final Exams

3.04 Improving grammar, vocabulary and coherence

Improving grammar, vocabulary and coherence


The IELTS exam assesses candidates’ proficiency in English language skills, including grammar, vocabulary, and coherence. In order to achieve a high score, candidates need to demonstrate a strong command of these language skills. In this article, we will discuss strategies for improving grammar, vocabulary, and coherence to help candidates succeed on the IELTS exam.

Improving Grammar:

Identify your Weaknesses

The first step in improving your grammar is to identify your weaknesses. You can do this by taking practice tests, seeking feedback from a teacher or tutor, or analyzing your own writing for errors.

Practice Regularly

The key to improving grammar is to practice regularly. You can do this by writing regularly, completing grammar exercises, and reviewing grammar rules.

Learn from Mistakes

When you make grammar mistakes, take the time to learn from them. Identify the error, research the correct form, and practice using it correctly in context.

Focus on Common Errors

There are certain grammar errors that are common among non-native English speakers. Examples include subject-verb agreement, articles, and prepositions. Focus on these errors and practice using them correctly.

Improving Vocabulary:

Read Widely

Reading widely is one of the best ways to improve vocabulary. It exposes you to new words and helps you understand how they are used in context.

Use a Dictionary

Use a dictionary to look up unfamiliar words and learn their meanings, pronunciation, and usage.

Learn in Context

Learning vocabulary in context is more effective than memorizing lists of words. Use reading materials, TV shows, or movies to learn new vocabulary in context.

Use Flashcards

Flashcards are a great tool for learning and retaining new vocabulary. Write the word on one side and its meaning on the other, and practice regularly.

Improving Coherence:

Use Transition Words

Transition words are words that connect ideas and help to make your writing more coherent. Examples include “however,” “moreover,” and “consequently.”

Organize Your Ideas

Organizing your ideas is essential for coherence. Start with an introduction that presents your main idea, use topic sentences to introduce new paragraphs, and end with a conclusion that summarizes your main points.

Use Pronouns and Referencing

Using pronouns and referencing can help to connect ideas and make your writing more cohesive. For example, instead of repeating a noun, you can use a pronoun to refer back to it.

Proofread Your Writing

Proofreading your writing can help you to identify any coherence errors. Look for missing or repetitive ideas, and make sure your writing flows logically.


Improving your grammar, vocabulary, and coherence is essential for success on the IELTS exam. By practicing regularly, identifying your weaknesses, and using the strategies outlined in this article, you can develop your language skills and increase your chances of success on the exam. Remember, it takes time and effort to improve these skills, but with persistence, you can achieve your goals.