01. Introduction to IELTS
02. IELTS Reading
03. IELTS Writing
04. IELTS Listening
05. IELTS Speaking
06. Test-taking strategies
07. Practice tests and feedback
08. Final review and exam day preparation
09. Exam day
Final Exams
IELTS PRACTICE EXERCISES

Mock Exam 2 – IELTS Academic – Reading 2

Image

READING 2

Text

Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD from the passage for each answer. Do not write articles.

Text

”Pride and Prejudice” today.

Literature plays a vital role in our fast-paced contemporary world. One may think that because of the arrival of visual media, we no longer emerge into classics, nevertheless, it is a faulty assumption as there are many contemporary adaptations of classics such as “Pride and Prejudice” by Jane Austen, English novelist, one of the most widely read English author who wrote romantic fiction providing ironic and humoristic social commentary of the gentry. Her novels are believed to be a transition from novels of sensibility (celebrating sentimentalism and sensibility) to 19th-century realism (as they portrayed the real economical and social status of different people at the time). Perhaps, the relevance of Austen’s work now and then was also partly accomplished thanks to her brother, Henry, who provided her with the social commentary of Londonian society. Her importance is also underlined not only by her themes being relevant but also by her popularity in the academic sphere as well as her numerous admirers such as Janeites in the 20th and 21st centuries.

‘’Pride and prejudice’’ follows the story of Elizabeth Bennet, a daughter of a poor country gentleman, and Fitzwilliam Darcy, an affluent aristocrat. They are both extremely proud and prejudiced against one another (as the title of the novel suggests), and they mature and learn to understand each other throughout the novel. They eventually fall in love and marry.

Jane Austen’s “Pride and Prejudice” is rewritten and adapted to the needs of contemporary society which testifies to the immortality of Jane Austen’s themes of love, money, social status, gender, and many others. It may be a surprise to many that various films that you would not suspect to be based upon this artwork were created, such as “Bridget Jones Diary”, or even ‘’Matches and Matrimony’’ – the game developed by Reflexive Entertainment. Some meticulously follow the plot and the setting, while others significantly digress from it and create something more appealing to the contemporary mind by means of modernizing the story. John Wiltshire in his “Recreating Jane Austen” argues that “every cultural creation(…) has an afterlife, unpredictable, uncontrolled by its original architect, when another era, another configuration, turns it, adapts it, to its own uses”. What makes this particular novel of Jane Austen open to re-contextualization?

‘’Pride and Prejudice’’ is in the literary canon. The concept of the literary canon has been revised and revisited many times. Jean-Jacques Lecercle provides us with a definition of a work of art that may be considered truly canonical. He states that the work of art should be in relation to the true reality in which it emerges. Moreover, he posits a theory that canonical work should be complex, reflexive, and open for re-contextualization as well as it has to be always on the move, meaning that it has to be in the process of constant reinterpretation and remodeling.

The universality of this novel may be understood in relation to its representation of the culture in which it emerges, which although altered in the future, rests the same, therefore allowing for the plot to be recreated and revisited for modern needs. Jane Austen’s characters and their inner dialogues are easily translated onto the screen. “Bridget Jones’s Diary”, just like in the case of any traditional translation, is maintaining the overall features of the book, but it also reshapes them in an extreme way. The ‘translation‘ still does show complex characters representing human nature and condition, as well as a confrontation of appearance versus reality. It shows how society’s expectations influence Bridget, just as well as her mother’s attempts to match her. Just like Elizabeth, Bridget is feeling partly ashamed of her mother. This is not where the similarities end – even the choice of Darcy as the name for one of the main characters, the fact that Bridget builds her own story about Darcy ever since his first bitting sarcastic remark at the Christmas party, and throughout the story of Daniel about Darcy’s betrayal, we notice many links. “Bridget Jones’s Diary” seems to be a light romantic comedy. But, upon a closer look, it becomes clear that it in fact still discusses feminism, women’s role in society, and identification of the self.

The importance of Jane Austen’s “Pride and Prejudice” may be concluded not only from its numerous adaptations, but also from their variety. This artwork is not only adapted with an aim to take the viewer back into the 18th century, to explore the novel almost as it was intended to be explored such as “Pride and Prejudice” from 2005, but the storyline is also adapted in the aforementioned movies such as ‘’Bridget Jones’s Diary’’, which rewrites the book and places its action in the modern world followed by many other significant changes with some elements staying the same.

Moreover, the existence of such adaptations as the Bollywood adaptation (‘’Bride and Prejudice’’) or even the creation of Korean miniseries proves that “Pride and Prejudice” entered the Anglo-Saxon canon, but it also influences many people all around the world. Therefore, it is culturally relevant not only to English-speaking or European countries but the story of Elizabeth Bennet goes through the process of transculturation and indigenization. To conclude,’’ Pride and Prejudice” is here to stay.