01. Introduction
02. About the TOEIC Exam
03. Listening Section
04. Reading Section
05. Speaking TOEIC
06. Writing TOEIC
07. Test-taking Strategies
08. Practice Exams
09. Conclusion

4.01 Common question types

TOEIC Reading Section – Common Question Types


The Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) is a widely recognized assessment that evaluates an individual’s English language proficiency in a professional context. The TOEIC exam is divided into two main sections: Listening and Reading. This article focuses on the Reading Section of the TOEIC exam, providing a detailed overview of the common question types that you’ll encounter. Understanding these question types is essential for test-takers to maximize their scores and effectively prepare for the exam.

Section 1:

Incomplete Sentences The Incomplete Sentences question type assesses your vocabulary and grammar knowledge. In this section, you will be given 30 questions where you must choose the most appropriate word or phrase to complete a given sentence. The options will vary in difficulty and may require an understanding of idiomatic expressions, phrasal verbs, and collocations. To succeed in this section, you should focus on improving your vocabulary and grammar skills by studying commonly used business expressions and practicing with sample TOEIC questions.

Section 2:

Text Completion Text Completion questions evaluate your ability to understand the flow of information and coherence in written texts. In this section, you will be presented with 16 incomplete texts, each containing one to three missing phrases. You will need to choose the most appropriate word or phrase from a list of options to complete the text. To prepare for this question type, practice reading business-related texts and pay attention to cohesive devices such as transitions and linking words that help maintain the flow of ideas.

Section 3:

Reading Comprehension The Reading Comprehension section measures your ability to understand and analyze written English texts. This section is divided into three parts, each with a different question type:

Part A:

Single-Passage Questions In this part, you will read 29 short passages, each followed by one question. These questions test your ability to understand the main idea, supporting details, and context of the passage. To improve your skills in this area, practice reading short texts from diverse sources and focus on extracting key information and understanding the text’s overall purpose.

Part B:

Double-Passage Questions In the Double-Passage section, you will read two related passages followed by four questions that assess your understanding of the relationship between the texts. You’ll need to compare and contrast the information presented in the passages, identify similarities and differences, and understand the authors’ purposes. To prepare for this question type, practice reading and comparing pairs of related texts, focusing on identifying connections and contrasting points of view.

Part C:

Paragraph-Headings Questions This part consists of four passages, each with a set of headings that you must match to the appropriate paragraphs. The aim is to evaluate your ability to grasp the main idea of each paragraph and identify the overall structure of the text. To excel in this question type, work on improving your skimming and scanning skills to quickly identify the central theme of each paragraph and match it with the correct heading.


Understanding the common question types in the TOEIC Reading Section is crucial for effective exam preparation. By familiarizing yourself with these question types and practicing relevant exercises, you will be better equipped to tackle the TOEIC exam and achieve your desired score.